Volvo Penta MD 2010

A 2-cylinder, freshwater-cooled marine diesel engine delivering crankshaft power of 7.5 kW (10 hp)

Volvo Penta MD2010

The MD2010 is fitted with freshwater cooling as standard. This reduces internal corrosion and enables the engine to maintain a consistent and optimal working temperature under all conditions. To avoid galvanic corrosion the engine is equipped with electrical isolation between engine and transmission.

Smooth running with very low vibration levels results from a dynamically balanced design incorporating a flywheel of high rotating mass and high efficiency rubber isolation. The engines high torque provides excellent operating characteristics to aid maneuvering, particularly in confined spaces.

How heavy is the Volvo Penta MD2010?

The different models of the Volvo Penta MD2010 weigh between 112 kg (247 lbs) and 126 kg (278 lbs). The dry weight of the standard engine equipped with angled reverse gear (MS10A) is 112 kg (247 lbs). The dry weight of the standard engine equipped with straight reverse gear (MS10L) is 113 kg (249 lbs). When the engine is equipped with the sail drive option (130S), the dry weight increases to 126 kg (278 lbs). Lubricating oil, coolant and any alternator upgrades will add to this weight.

Technical Specifications of the MD2010

Engine and block

  • Cylinder block and cylinder head manufactured from high grade cast iron. Crankcase features a rigid tunnel block design.
  • Chrome molybdenum forged crankshaft, statically and dynamically balanced with integral counterweights.
  • Pistons are cast from high silicon aluminum, are heat treated and fitted with two cast iron, chromium faced compression rings and a single oil ring.
  • Replaceable, hardened valve seats
  • Elastic coupling on flywheel

Engine mounting

  • Tuned front and rear cushion-type rubber mounts. Adjustable.

Lubrication system

  • Spin-on full flow oil filter
  • Separate oil scavenger pipe
  • Closed circuit crankcase ventilation

Fuel system

  • Flange mounted, cam driven inIine injection pump
  • Feed pump with hand primer
  • Spin-on type fine fuel filter

Exhaust system

  • Freshwater cooled exhaust manifold and seawater cooled exhaust elbow

Cooling system

  • Freshwater cooling system governed by thermostat
  • Tubular heat exchanger with integral expansion tank
  • Coolant system prepared for hot water outlet fittings
  • Easily accessible sea water pump and impeller

Electrical system

  • 12V corrosion-protected electrical system
  • 14 Volt / 6O Amp marine alternator
  • Charging regulator with electronic sensor for voltage drop compensation
  • Glow plugs for cold starting
  • Electric starter motor (0.7 kW output)
  • Extension cable harness with plug-in connection available in various lengths

Specifications of the MD 2010 Engine

 Volvo Penta MD2010
Number of Cylinders2
Idle (no-load) speed (rpm)850
Full load speed (rpm)3900
Cylinder Diameter (mm)67
Stroke (mm)64
Displacement (cc)450
Weight, engine without oil and water (kg)98

Video: Click to watch a short video of a Volvo Penta MD2010 running

Components of the MD 2010 Engine

Volvo Penta MD2010 Port Side

  1. Coolant filler cap
  2. Expansion tank
  3. Relay box with fuses
  4. Flexible suspension mounts
  5. Starter motor
  6. Alternator
  7. Dipstick for gearbox oil
Volvo Penta MD2010 Starboard Side

  1. Secondary fuel filter (fine)
  2. Oil filler cap, engine
  3. Dipstick, engine
  4. Air cleaner & Air intake
  5. Seawater pump
  6. Injection pump
  7. Lubricating oil filter
  8. Fuel pump

Dimensions: Click to see detailed dimensions of the MD 2010

Maintenance jobs for your Volvo Penta MD2010

  • Changing the primary fuel filter on your marine diesel installation
  • Checking the starter motor drive belt on your Volvo Penta MD2010
  • Removal and inspection of the air filter on the Volvo Penta MD2010

Winterising jobs for your Volvo Penta MD2010

Before haul-out:

  • Volvo Penta MD2010 engine oil and filter change

After haul-out:

  • Flushing salt-water from the Volvo Penta MD2010 and introducing anti-freeze
  • Clean and winterise the raw-water filter

Before launch:

  • Stern gear: Grease your lip seal or refill the greaser on your stuffing box
  • Changing the Secondary Fuel filter on the Volvo Penta MD2010
  • Removing and testing the thermostat on your Volvo Penta MD2010

After launch:

A smart skipper learns from the lessons of others.

In our Volvo Penta MD2000 Series Almanac section, we have a series of previous questions and queries from MD2000 series engine owners along with answers. Many of these have been adapted from discussions on the “Volvo Penta Marine Engines owners group” Facebook group which is a fantastic resource for getting technical help.

Do you want to get future VP MD2000 Series Almanac articles straight to your inbox? Sign up to our VP MD2000 Series Owners’ Group today and we’ll make sure that you’re first to see them. And we definitely won’t share your email address with anyone else.

Recent and Current Owner’s Group Articles